Author Archives: Stefan Kasberger

Open Science – Jetzt!

Am 3. Dezember 2015 startet eine Open Science Lecture Series mit einer Kick-Off Veranstaltung an der Uni Wien. Daniel Mietchen wird eine Keynote halten, gefolgt von einer Paneldiskussion mit Fragen.

Wir laden zur Eröffnung der Open Science Lecture Series ein. Mit Daniel Mietchen ist dazu einer der international umtriebigsten Open Science Akteure zu Gast. Er wird von seinen aktuellen Tätigkeiten am National Institutes of Health (NIH) zum Thema Transparenz in der wissenschaftlichen Begutachtung sowie seinen zahlreichen Aktivitäten in der Wikipedia erzählen.

PodiumsteilnehmerInnen:

  • Daniel Mietchen: US National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Katja Mayer: Universität Wien, Open Knowledge Austria
  • Lucia Malfent: Open Innovation in Science (Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft)
  • Peter Purgathofer: Forscher, Universitätsprofessor und Designer am Institut für Gestaltungs- und Wirkungsforschung sowie Koordinator des Masterstudiums Medieninformatik

Wann: 3. Dezember 2015, Beginn 19 Uhr
Wo: Sky Lounge der Universität Wien, Oskar-Morgenstern-Platz 1. DG, 1090 Wien
Eintritt frei, Anmeldung notwendig

Die aus insgesamt 5 Lehrveranstaltungen bestehende Lecture Series zu Open Science ist eine Kooperation zwischen dem WTZ Ost, openscienceASAP und Open Knowledge Austria.

openscienceASAP goes live on the web

For our first video-broadcast, we meet the bricobio DIY-Biolab from Montréal live on the web, where Stefan Kasberger will present the idea and some applications of Open Science for bio-hackers.

bricobio invited us to their series “Dendriting – Interviews with biohackers from around the world” to share the idea of Open Science to the biohackers community. To connect Canada with Austria, we use as usual a Google Hangout. This time, we want to test the “Google Hangout On Air” function, something we are looking for quite some time.

So this is it – our first livestream on the web. We are really excited and looking forward to this rather new experiment. But the excitement is not so much about the technology, it is more about you. An empty stream, an uncommented conversation and a non-clicked video is worth nothing. So we hope to see some people online, interacting with us via comments, chat or twitter (#ASAPonAir or write to @openscienceASAP).

The talk by Stefan Kasberger will give a short introduction into the concept of Open Science, show some use-cases and best practices in Biology and wet labs (we try our best as non-biologists) and finally plenty of time for questions from the biolab community and from the web. You also can add questions and collect content in the Etherpad.

You can watch the stream directly on Youtube or below.

Details
14th March 2015
Start: 18h30 CET
End: 19h30

Who are the Inhabitants of the World Wide Web?

At our weekly Data Science team meeting, a few weeks ago we watched the talk “Everyday Life in a Data Rich World” of Jon Kleinberg, where he lectured about the evolution and the structure of social relations in big scale networks.


What caught my attention most in this excellent talk, was a quote used by him right at the beginning:

“The emergence of cyberspace and the World Wide Web is like the discovery of a new continent.”
— Jim Gray, 1998 Turing Award

This metaphor stimulates my thinking till today and from now and then, new questions arise out of it. Following the metaphor of “the WWW as a new continent”:

  1. Who are the people living on it?
  2. Where do they come from?
  3. Why are they there?
  4. Who does this new continent attract most and who is excluded from living on it?
  5. What are they doing there?
  6. And finally: What are the interests of science in all this?

Right now, I don’t want to get too deep into discussing it, but some things already seem quite obvious:

  • This is historically the first time scientists get access to such huge amount of data about an global “settlement” activity.
  • As separated this continent is on one side, as connected it is from another point of view.
  • It attracts and excludes some people more than others.
  • The inhabitants of the continent are not representative to the society in general.

But anyway, watch the talk and make your own thoughts (would love to hear about them in the comments section).

References

Reflections on the Computational Social Science Wintersymposium

On 1st of December the first Computational Social Science Wintersymposium took place at GESIS in Cologne. Here some of my impressions about my second scientific conference.

The topic of the CSS Wintersymposium was “Understanding social systems via computational approaches and new kinds of data”. The day was well visited with about 115 participants – one third from Computer Science, another third from Social Science and the rest from all kinds of disciplines. Funny-wise, I even met two Environmental System Scientists from Osnabrück, something that is not very likely in this relatively new discipline with just a few faculties teaching it.

The conference was introduced by Markus Strohmaier, Head of the Computational Social Science Department here at GESIS and my advisor. During the day several presentations, a Pecha-Kucha and a poster session followed, before it ended in a casual evening in a typical Cologne-style brewery. But let’s take it step by step and get a little bit into the talks which inspired me most (all of them were recorded, as you can see in the playlist below).

Dirk Brockmann: The hidden geometry of complex, network-driven contagion phenomena

Dirk Brockmann from the Research on Complex Systems Department at the Humboldt University Berlin, presented results from his recent work. One of the most impressive work showed was his network analysis about the 2014 Ebola Outbreak , which will stay in my mind for some time. It showed a very useful case, where science delivered desperately needed knowledge to solve real world problems with a huge impact.

Diseases were for me not new, they are a very common usage of Systems Science. In Graz, teachers often used it to show dynamic and complex behaviour of interdependent systems in mathematics, next to the usual predator-prey-models. But mostly it were about formal theoretical thinking or solving hypothetical or long-gone problems, but rarely about an issue that is popping up on my daily news-stream and to which I feel directly related. This experience of connecting my small world of scientific thinking with a global issue was a very inspiring experience and again brought meaning into my thinking about “what do I want to do as a researcher?”. I’m pretty sure, this experience will pop up over and over again to evaluate the relevance of my activities in the future, no matter if in- or outside of science.

Ciro Cattuto: High-resolution social networks from wearable devices

Ciro Cattuto gave a very lively talk about different works of him and his team. As an Open Science enthusiast the SocioPatterns project caught my attention:

…the collaboration supports the development of the SocioPatterns sensing platform, which uses wireless wearable sensors to gather longitudinal data on human mobility and face-to-face proximity in real-world environments. The SocioPatterns team also works on developing tools and techniques to represent, analyze and visualize the collected data.
— SocioPatterns.org

In the study Gender homophily from spatial behavior in a primary school: a sociometric study this type of data-collection was used to follow children (6–12 years) in a French primary school and measured how long they communicated to each other. The study showed some interesting differences between girls and boys in their development of gender homophily in the early age.

Most of the hardware and software developed for SocioPatterns.org are accessible, but unfortunately they use the Creative Commons BY-NC-SA as license – so not really open, but still the right direction.

Pecha Kucha

Fabian Flöck and me then moderated a Pecha Kucha session with the contributors of the 32 posters. Each talk had exactly 2 minutes time, which we demanded precisely. 😉

The session was really dense and fast, and I think it delivered the main goal quite good: it connected researchers based on their work and interests to being able to get in touch afterwards.

Frank Schweitzer: Modelling emotional agents – Data, Interaction, Simulation

The closing talk, and for me the most interesting one, was held by Frank Schweitzer, a Full Professor for Systems Design at ETH Zurich. He summed up the day and made some clear statements about challenges in the field of Computational Social Science, as the picture below shows.

https://twitter.com/ph_singer/status/539468291522437120/
Copyright: Philipp Singer

I’m thinking a lot about the scientific and socio-cultural dynamics between the Social and Computer Science communities – the problems, the challenges and mostly the many opportunities I see. But more on this sometimes later in an own post.

Resumee

The day was a good balance between heavy input, social interaction and having a nice time. Sounds normal, but often events lack in one of these areas. Too much information can make knowledge processing and memorizing hard and social interactions unease. The positive atmosphere and the good organization made this possible and lead to new connections between researchers from different communities.

For next year I would like to see more discussions about what Computational Social Science is and the different approaches in the intersecting disciplines – getting a little bit out of the comfort zone and creating some constructive friction. A practical part with workshops around questions like “which programming language should I use”, “how to present, share and publish my work best” or “can you show me how to version my code, data and documentation” would be very valuable, especially for early career researchers. Also more discussions about methodological aspects, especially on the link between data design and evaluation would be interesting.

So it is easy to say, the best improvement would be to extend the format and make it 2015 several days. See you hopefully there.

References